Best Medicinal Plants to Grow at Home: A Comprehensive Guide

Home gardening has become increasingly popular in recent years, and for good reason. Not only is it a great way to save money on produce, but it also allows you to control what goes into your food. One area of gardening that has gained particular attention is medicinal plants. Growing your own medicinal plants at home can provide a natural and cost-effective way to treat common ailments.

There are many benefits to growing medicinal plants at home. For one, you can ensure that the plants are grown organically without the use of harmful pesticides or chemicals. Additionally, having these plants readily available can save you time and money on trips to the pharmacy. We will explore some of the best medicinal plants to grow at home, their benefits, and how to care for them.

Why Grow Medicinal Plants at Home

Growing medicinal plants at home can be a rewarding experience for beginners and experienced gardeners alike. Not only do these plants offer natural remedies for common ailments, but they can also add beauty and diversity to your home garden or herb garden.

peppermint plant

Natural Remedies

Medicinal plants have been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. By growing these plants at home, you can have access to natural remedies that can help alleviate symptoms of common illnesses such as headaches, colds, and digestive issues. Some of the most popular medicinal plants to grow at home include echinacea, ginger, chamomile, and peppermint.


Growing medicinal plants at home can be a cost-effective way to access natural remedies. Instead of spending money on over-the-counter medications, you can simply harvest the plants from your garden and use them to make teas, tinctures, and salves.

Choosing the Right Medicinal Plants

When it comes to growing medicinal plants at home, it's important to choose the right plants for your needs. Not all plants are created equal, and some may be better suited for certain ailments than others. Here are a few tips to help you choose the right medicinal plants for your home garden:

Consider Your Needs

The first step in choosing the right medicinal plants is to consider your needs. What ailments are you looking to treat? Are you looking for plants to help with digestive issues, anxiety, or pain relief? Once you have a clear idea of what you're looking for, you can begin to research which plants are best suited for your needs.

Research the Plants

Before you start growing any medicinal plants, it's important to do your research. Make sure you understand the plant's growing requirements, as well as its medicinal properties. Some plants may require specific soil conditions or amounts of sunlight, while others may have side effects or interactions with certain medications.

Coneflower or Echinacea plant

Choose the Right Variety

When it comes to medicinal plants, there are often several varieties of the same plant, each with slightly different properties. For example, there are several types of chamomile, including German chamomile and Roman chamomile, each with their own unique medicinal properties. Make sure you choose the right variety for your needs.

Consider Your Space

Finally, consider the amount of space you have available for your medicinal plants. Some plants, like aloe vera and peppermint, can be grown in pots and don't require a lot of space. Others, like echinacea and valerian, can grow quite large and may require a dedicated garden bed.

Understanding the Medicinal Uses

Medicinal plants have been used for thousands of years to treat a variety of health conditions. They are a natural and effective way to promote healing and wellness without the use of synthetic drugs. Understanding the medicinal uses of plants can help you choose the right ones to grow at home for your specific needs.

Herbs can be used in many different forms including teas, tinctures, balms, and more. They can be ingested or applied topically to treat a wide range of health conditions. Some of the most common uses of medicinal plants include:

  • Pain relief: Many herbs have natural pain-relieving properties that can help alleviate headaches, muscle pain, and menstrual cramps.
  • Anti-inflammatory: Some herbs have anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation and swelling in the body. This can be particularly helpful for conditions like arthritis and eczema.
  • Stress and anxiety: Certain herbs can help calm the mind and promote relaxation. They can be used to treat anxiety, stress, and even depression.
  • Wound healing: Many herbs have antiseptic and healing properties that can help promote the healing of cuts, scrapes, and other wounds.
  • Digestive health: Some herbs can help promote healthy digestion and alleviate symptoms of indigestion, flatulence, and upset stomach.

It is important to note that while medicinal plants can be a safe and effective way to promote healing and wellness, they can also have side effects and interact with certain medications. It is always best to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedies, particularly if you have a pre-existing health condition or are taking medication.

Chamomile flowers/Photo Credit: Sebastian Sorenson

Cultivating and Caring for Your Medicinal Plants

Growing medicinal plants at home can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or a beginner, there are a few things to keep in mind when cultivating and caring for your medicinal plants.


When it comes to growing medicinal plants, it's important to choose the right plants for your climate and growing conditions. Some medicinal plants, such as chamomile and lavender, prefer full sun, while others, like ginseng and goldenseal, prefer partial shade.

Easy to Grow

Many medicinal plants are easy to grow and require minimal maintenance. Some examples include peppermint, lemon balm, and echinacea. These plants can be grown in pots or in the ground and require only moderate watering and good drainage.


Most medicinal plants require at least six hours of sunlight per day. If you're growing plants indoors, make sure they're placed in a sunny window or under grow lights.

Plants and herbs sitting on and at a windowsill
Plants at a windowsill/Photo Credit: Tiia Pakk


To keep your medicinal plants healthy, it's important to keep them well-maintained. This includes regular watering, pruning, and fertilizing as needed.


Knowing when and how to harvest your medicinal plants is key to getting the most out of them. Some plants, like chamomile and calendula, can be harvested continuously throughout the growing season, while others, like echinacea and ginseng, require a few years of growth before they can be harvested.

Good Drainage

Good drainage is essential for growing healthy medicinal plants. Make sure your soil is well-draining and avoid overwatering your plants, as this can lead to root rot and other problems.

Organic Matter

Adding organic matter to your soil can help improve its quality and provide your plants with the nutrients they need to thrive. Compost, worm castings, and other organic materials can be added to your soil to help improve its texture and fertility.


Watering your medicinal plants regularly is important for their health and growth. Make sure to water them deeply and consistently, but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems.

Growing and caring for medicinal plants requires some knowledge and attention to detail, but it can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience.

Incorporating Medicinal Plants into Everyday Life

Medicinal plants are not just for treating illnesses or injuries. They can also be incorporated into everyday life in various ways. Here are some ideas:


Many medicinal plants can be used in cooking to add flavor and nutrients to meals. For example, garlic is known for its immune-boosting properties and can be used in savory dishes. Turmeric is another popular spice that has anti-inflammatory properties and can be added to curries or smoothies.


Essential oils extracted from medicinal plants can be used in aromatherapy to promote relaxation, improve mood, and reduce stress. Peppermint essential oil, for example, can be diffused to relieve headaches and improve mental clarity.

Culinary Uses

Some medicinal plants have culinary uses beyond just adding flavor. For example, chamomile can be brewed into a tea or added to baked goods for its calming properties. Rosemary can be used in marinades or rubs to improve digestion and boost memory.

Peppermint Essential Oil

Peppermint essential oil is a versatile oil that can be used for a variety of purposes. It can be diffused to relieve headaches, added to a carrier oil for a cooling massage, or added to a DIY cleaning solution for its antimicrobial properties.

Citronella plant


Some medicinal plants can also be used to repel mosquitoes naturally. For example, citronella is a common ingredient in natural mosquito repellents and can be grown in a pot or planted in the garden.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some common medicinal plants that can be grown indoors?

Some common medicinal plants that can be grown indoors include aloe vera, peppermint, chamomile, and lavender. These plants are easy to care for and can provide a variety of health benefits.

What are some easy-to-grow medicinal herbs for beginners?

Some easy-to-grow medicinal herbs for beginners include basil, thyme, sage, and rosemary. These herbs are hardy and can thrive in a variety of growing conditions.

What are the benefits of growing medicinal plants at home?

Growing medicinal plants at home can provide numerous benefits. It can help you save money on healthcare costs, provide natural remedies for common ailments, and improve air quality in your home.

What are some medicinal plants that can be used for stress relief?

Some medicinal plants that can be used for stress relief include lavender, chamomile, lemon balm, and ashwagandha. These plants can help to calm the mind and promote relaxation.

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